Story of 8 Vasus | Names of 64 Yoginis | Navagraha gods

Hamare Avatar Evam Devi Devta- Part 17

Ashta Vasus

The Vasus are a separate category within the Devas.

Ashta Vasus names

The eight Vasus are- 1) Dhara (धर) 2) Dhruva (ध्रुव) 3) Soma (सोम) 4) Vishnu (विष्णु) 5) Anil (अनिल) 6) Anala (अनल) 7) Pratyoosha (प्रत्यूष) 8) Prabhasa (प्रभास). They are the sons of Aditi. They have a different set of names- 1) Drona (द्रोण) 2) Prana (प्राण) 3) Dhruva (ध्रुव) 4) Arka (अर्क) 5) Agni (अग्नि) 6) Dosha (दोष) 7) Vastu (वास्तु) 8) Vibhavasu (विभावसु).

Story of Ashta Vasus

Once, all the eight Vasus along with their wives arrived in Sage Vashishta’s hermitage in the earthly plane. In the absence of the sage, one of the Vasus abducted a cow from his hermitage at the instigation of his wife. He wanted to gift the cow to his wife’s friend. On returning the sage, cursed the Vasus to be born as human beings. At the sad plight of the Vasus, Vashishta shortened their stay to one year. However the real culprit who abducted the cow had to remain on earth for a longer duration. Moved by the plight of the Vasus, Gangaji agreed to become their mother and redeem them from their curse. She married king Shantanu and bore him 8 sons who were the Vasus. At their very birth she floated them in her waters. On King Shantanu’s appeal she handed over her eighth son to him. He was the great grandsire Bhishma Pitamah.

Matrika

Shakti has multiple forms. The 13 main forms of Shakti are- 1) Gauri (गौरी) 2) Padma (पद्मा) 3) Shuchi (शुचि) 4) Medha (मेधा) 5) Savitri (सावित्री) 6) Vijaya (विजया) 7) Jaya (जया) 8) Devasena (देवसेना) 9) Svadha (स्वधा) 10) Swaha (स्वाहा) 11) Shanti (शांति) 12) Pushti (पुष्टि) 13) Ghruti (घृति) 14) Tushti (तुष्टि) 15) Ila (इला) 16) Ambika (अम्बिका).

Ashta matrika

The 8 mains Matrikas or mothers are- 1) Brahmi (ब्राह्मी) 2) Maheshwari (माहेश्वरी) 3) Aindri (ऐन्द्री) 4) Varahi (वाराही) 5) Vaishnavi (वैष्णवी) 6) Kaumari (कौमारी) 7) Chamunda (चामुण्ड) 8) Charchika (चर्चिका).

Sapta Matrika

The seven Matrikas are- 1) Brahmi (ब्राह्मी) 2) Vaishnavi (वैष्णवी) 3) Aindri (ऐन्द्री) 4) Raudri (रौद्री) 5) Varahi (वाराही) 6) Kauberi (कौबेरी) 7) Kaumari (कौमारी).

The nine Matrikas are- 1) Brahmani (ब्रह्माणी) 2) Vaishnavi (वैष्णवी) 3) Raudri (रौद्री) 4) Varahi (वाराही) 5) Narasimhika (नारसिंहिका) 6) Kaumari (कौमारी) 7) Mahendri (माहेन्द्री) 8) Chamunda (चामुण्डा) 9) Chandika (चण्डिका). As their name suggests, each Matrika has appeared from their respective lord.

The Vaishnavas worship the following Matrikas- 1) Bhagavati (भागवती) 2) Paurnamasi (पौर्णमासी) 3) Padma (पद्मा) 4) Antarangika (अन्तरंगिका) 5) Ganga (गंगा) 6) Kalindi (कालिंदी) 7) Gopi (गोपी) 8) Vrunda (वृन्दा) 9) Gayatri (गायत्री) 10) Tulasi (तुलसी) 11) Gau (गौ) 12) Vaishnavi (वैष्णवी) 13) Yashoda (यशोदा) 14) Devahuti (देवहुति) 15) Rohini (रोहिणी) 16) Sati (सती) 17) Draupadi (द्रौपदी) 18) Kunti (कुंती) 19) Rukmini (रुक्मिणी) 20) Satyabhama (सत्यभामा) 21) Jambavati (जाम्बवती) 22) Satya (सत्या) 23) Mitravinda (मित्रविन्दा) 24) Lakshmana (लक्ष्मणा) 25) Bhadra (भद्रा).

Yogini

There are 64 Yoginis.

Names of 64 yoginis

Their names are- 1) Narayani (नारायणी) 2) Gauri (गौरी) 3) Shakambhari (शाकम्भरी) 4) Bheema (भीमा) 5) Rakta Dantika (रक्त दन्तिका) 6) Shramari (श्रामरी) 7) Parvati (पार्वती) 8) Durga (दुर्गा) 9) Katyayani (कात्यायनी) 10) Mahadevi (महादेवी) 11) Chandra Ghanta (चन्द्र घण्टा) 12) Mahavidya (महाविद्या) 13) Mahatapa (महातपा) 14) Savitri (सावित्री) 15) Brahma Vadini (ब्रह्म वादिनी) 16) Bhadrakali (भद्रकाली) 17) Vishalakshi (विशालाक्षी) 18) Rudrani (रुद्राणी) 19) Krishna Pingala (कृष्ण पिंगला) 20) Agni Jwala (अग्नि ज्वाला) 21) Raudramukhi (रौद्रमुखी) 22) Kalaratri (कालरात्रि) 23) Tapasvini (तपस्विनी) 24) Medhasvana (मेधस्वना) 25) Sahastrakshi (सहस्त्राक्षी) 26) Vishnu Maya (विष्णु माया) 27) Jalodari (जलोदरी) 28) Mahodari (महोदरी) 29) Muktakeshi (मुक्तकेशी) 30) Ghora roopa (घोर रूपा) 31) Mahabala (महाबला) 32) Shruti (श्रुति) 33) Smruti (स्मृति) 34) Dhruti (धृति) 35) Tushti (तुष्टि) 36) Pushti (पुष्टि) 37) Medha (मेधा) 38) Vidya (विद्या) 39) Lakshmi (लक्ष्मी) 40) Sarasvati (सरस्वती) 41) Aparna (अपर्णा) 42) Ambika (अम्बिका) 43) Yogini (योगिनी) 44) Dakini (द्राकिनी) 45) Shakini (शाकिनी) 46) Harini (हारिणी) 47) Hakini (हाकिनी) 48) Lakini (लाकिनी) 49) Tridasheshwari (त्रिदशेश्वरी) 50) Mahashashti (महाषष्ठी) 51) Sarvamangala (सर्वमंगला) 52) Lajja (लज्जा) 53) Kaushiki (कौशिकी) 54) Brahmani (ब्रह्माणी) 55) Maheshwari (माहेश्वरी) 56) Kaumari (कौमारी) 57) Vaishnavi (वैष्णवी) 58) Aindri (ऐन्द्री) 59) Narasimhi (नारसिंही) 60) Varahi (वाराही) 61) Chamunda (चामुण्डा) 62) Shivadooti (शिवदूती) 63) Vishnu Priya (विष्णु प्रिया) 64) Matrika (मातृका)

In the Kalika Purana, the 64 Yoginis have different names-

Brahmani (ब्रह्माणी) 2) Chandika (चण्डिका) 3) Raudri (रौद्री) 4) Indrani (इंद्राणी) 5) Kaumari (कौमारी) 6) Vaishnavi (वैष्णवी) 7) Durga (दुर्गा) 8) Narasimhi (नारसिंही) 9) Kalika (कालिका) 10) Chamunda (चामुण्डा) 11) Shivadooti (शिवदूती) 12) Varahi (वाराही) 13) Kaushiki (कौशिकी) 14) Maheshwari (माहेश्वरी) 15) Shankari (शाङ्करी) 16) Jayanti (जयंती) 17) Sarvamangala (सर्वमंगला) 18) Kali (काली) 19) Kapalini (कपालिनी) 20) Megha (मेघा) 21) Shiva (शिवा) 22) Shakambhari (शाकम्भरी) 23) Bheema (भीमा) 24) Shanta (शान्ता) 25) Bhramari (भ्रामरी) 26) Rudrani (रुद्राणी) 27) Ambika (अम्बिका) 28) Kshama (क्षमा) 29) Dhaatri (धात्री) 30) Swaha (स्वाहा) 31) Svadha (स्वधा) 32) Aparna (अपर्णा) 33) Mahodari (महोदरी) 34) Ghora roopa (घोर रूपा) 35) Mahakali (महाकाली) 36) Bhadrakali (भद्रकाली) 37) Bhayankari (भयंकरी) 38) Kshemakari (क्षेमकरी) 39) Ugrachanda (उग्रचण्डा) 40) Chandogra (चण्डोग्रा) 41) Chandanayika (चण्डनायिका) 42) Chanda (चण्डा) 43) Chandavati (चण्डवती) 44) Chandi (चण्डी) 45) Mahamoha (महामोहा) 46) Priyankari (प्रियंकरी) 47) Bala Vikarini (बल विकारिणी) 48) Bala Pramathini (बल प्रमथिनी) 49) Manonmathini (मनोन्मथिनी) 50) Sarvabhoota Dayini (सर्वभूत दायिनी) 51) Uma (उमा) 52) Pooratara (पूरतारा) 53) Mahanidra (महानिद्रा) 54) Vijaya (विजया) 55) Jaya (जया) 56) Shailaputri (शैलपुत्री) 57) Chandraghanta (चंद्रघंटा) 58) Skandamata (स्कन्दमाता) 59) Kalaratri (काल रात्री) 60) Chandika (चण्डिका or मातंगी) 61) Kushmanda (कुष्माण्डा) 62) Katyayani (कात्यायनी) 63) Mahagauri (महागौरी) 64) Bagala (बगला)

As we can see, almost all of Mahashakti’s forms have been included in the list of Yoginis. In astrology, for special occasions, there is a description as to which Yogini resides in which direction.

East- On first and ninth day- Yogini (ब्रह्माणी)

North- On second and tenth day- Maheshvari (माहेश्वरी)

South-East- On third and eleventh day- Kaumari (कौमारी)

South-West- On fourth and twelfth day- Narayani (नारायणी)

South- On fifth and thirteen day- Varahi (वाराही)

West- On sixth and fourteenth day- Indrani (इंद्राणी)

North-West- On seventh and full moon day- Chamunda (चामुण्डा)

North-East- On Asthami and Amavasya (New moon day)- Mahalakshmi (महालक्ष्मी)

Auxiliary goddesses

Some call them ‘Yogini’ while others ‘Yakshini’. There are exclusively worshipped for the attainment of wealth and fulfillment of worldly desires.

According to some they are 16, while for others, 64. Of them the 8 main ones are- 1) Manohara (मनोहरा) 2) Vama (वामा) 3) Kameshwari (कामेश्वरी) 4) Rati sundari (रति-सुंदरी) 5) Padma yogini (पद्मयोगिनी) 6) Natini (नटिनी) 7) Maithun Priya (मैथुन-प्रिया) 8) Rakta Dantika (रक्त-दन्तिका) etc.

Planets (Navagraha)

According to Hindu Dharma, there are 9 mains planets which are worshipped.

1) Sun- He is brilliant red in complexion. And rides on a chariot pulled by 7 horses.

2) Moon- He glistens like a pearl. He sits on a chariot drawn by deer. He is the son of Sage Atri.

3) Mars- He is red as a kidney bean. He is the son of mother earth.

4) Mercury- He is green in complexion. H is the son of the moon god.

5)Jupiter- He is golden in complexion. He signifies knowledge and is the preceptor of the Devas.

6)Venus- He is white in complexion and the preceptor of the asuras.

7) Saturn- He is dark in complexion and the son of the sun god.

8) Rahu- He is dark in complexion. He is merely a head without a body. He is an asura (demon)

9) Ketu- He is merely the body, He lacks a head and is dark in complexion. He is an asura.

Rahu and Ketu are considered to be shadow planets. Note that- the solid, crust of the planet is not worshipped. People worship the ruling deity of the planet.

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