Story of Shri Krishna
Like Lord Rama, even Shri Krishna is a complete incarnation (Purna Avatar). Likewise, Krishna avatar occurs once in a kalpa. It is our fortune that the Supreme Personality Shri Krishna appeared in the Dvapara Yuga of this Manvantara (Lifetime of Manu) around 5200 years ago. According to Rama devotees, Shri Rama is the Supreme Being. He has three expansions Bharata, Lakshmana and Shatrughana. Similarly in Krishna avatar, Shri Krishna is the Supreme Being. Sankarshana, Pradyumna and Aniruddha are his expansions. Kansa the son of King Ugrasena happily organized the wedding eve of his cousin sister Devaki. He escorted her on the chariot and drove the chariot to her in-law’s place. On the way, a thunderous prophecy occurred- “Kansa, her eight son shall kill you.” Kansa at that instant raised his sword to kill Devaki, but Vasudeva stopped his hand and promised to surrender each and every kid he fathers. Kansa was about to spare the life of their first son, but on Sage Narada’s instigation he killed the child. He imprisoned his father Ugrasena and became the king. He casted Devaki and Vasudeva in the dungeon. Kansa mercilessly killed the 6 first born babies of Devaki. The seventh womb was Sankarshana. By the potency of Yogamaya, Sankarshana was transplanted in the womb of Rohini Devi, the chief wife of Vasudeva, who resided in Nanda Graha. Shri Krishna was born as the eight son. Vasudeva exchanged Krishna for the newborn daughter of Nanda baba’s wife Yashoda in the darkness of night. As Kansa raised his hands to bang the infant, she slipped from his hands and assumed the form of an 8 armed goddess. Krishna and Balarama grew up in Gokul in Nanda Maharaj’s palace. In their growing years, Krishna killed many demons like Putana, Shakatasura, Trinavarta, Vyomasura, Vatsasura, Bakasura, Aghasura, Arishtasura, and Keshi while Balarama killed Pralambhasura and Dhenukasura. On being tied by the mortar by his mother, Krishna uprooted the twin Arjuna trees. The gopas anticipating trouble for the young infants shifted to Nandagaon from Gokul keeping their safety in mind. Nandagaon became the graveyard for many demons. Shri Krishna danced on the hood of the Kaliya serpent and banished him from the Yamuna river. He sent the serpent to the sea. He consumed the forest fire and protected his friends. On denying Indra’s worship, Indra angrily poured torrential rains on the simple and beautiful land of Vraja. Krishna protected the Vrajavasis by lifting the govardhan hill on one hand for 7 whole days, and thus protected his dear land. Shri Krishna performed innumerable pastimes in Vraja. His conjugal pastimes are treasured by the devotees. Finally Kansa sent Akrura to fetch Krishna and Balaram to Mathura on the context of the bow sacrifice to have the brothers killed. All of Kansa’s plans were foiled. On just entering the town, Krishna killed his washerman and broke the venerated bow. The next day, the two brothers effortlessly killed the intoxicated elephant at the entrance of the arena. They killed the mightiest of wrestlers including Chanur, Mushtik, Shal, Toshal and finally Kansa was killed.
You must read the author’s (Sudarshan chakra ji) “Shri Krishna Charita.”
Krishna builds Dvarika
Shri Krishna rescued Ugrasena from the dungeon and performed his coronation ceremony. Both the brothers underwent formal training under the tutorship of Sandipani Rishi. They fulfilled their debt towards their guru by awarding to him the life of his deceased son from the abode of death (Yama). Enraged at the death of his son-in-law, Kansa, Jarasandha repeatedly attacked Mathura. After defeating him 17 times, Krishna spared his life. On the 18th attack, Jarasandha brought Kalyavana for assistance. Krishna used his wits and had him burnt by the gaze of Muchukunda. To ensure the safety of the land, Krishna established his prosperous empire named Dvarika, set aloof in the heart of the ocean. He resided in Dvarika along with the Yadus. Shri Krishna had 8 principal queens in Dvarika. On the killing of Bhaumasura, the 16100 rescued princesses chose to become his wives.
Krishna helps the Pandavas
Shri Krishna visited Hastinapura and boosted the morale of the Pandavas. He revived Khandavaprastha and established the miraculous empire of Indraprastha for his friend by the expertise of Mayadanava. He had Yudhishthira perform the Rajusuya Yajna and endowed him with the emperor title. In that very hall, he killed the vitriolic Shishupala with his sharp Sudarshana chakra. Shri Krishna killed the attackers, Shalva, Dantavakra and similar aggressors. Paundraka challenged the supreme for a war and was killed by his hands. Balaramji killed the audacious monkey Dvivida. Vanasura’s daughter Usha had Shri Krishna’s grandson Aniruddha abducted. Shri Krishna fought Vanasura and Lord Shiva and won the battle. The Kauravas cheated the Pandavas in dice. On losing Draupadi, Dushasana attempted to disrobe her. Shri Krishna provided extra cloth and protected her honor. Shri Krishna satisfied the Duryodhana sent Durvasa muni by partaking a thin shred of vegetable thus protecting the Pandavas in the forest. On the completion of their exile, Krishna became the trucemaker but was unsuccessful in his endeavor. He became Arjuna’s charioteer during the fierce war of Mahabharata. On the battlefield, He imparted the divine knowledge of Bhagavad Gita to Arjuna on the first day of the war. Shri Krishna has always promptly cared for the pandavas. Owing to his protective glance, the Pandaves emerged victorious in the war. By his mere wish, he revived the dead born son (Pariskshit) of Uttara killed by Ashwattama’s fatal Brahmastra at the culmination of the war. Back in Dvarika, Shri Krishna assisted Arjuna and retrieved the sons of the Brahmana by visiting Karnadakashayi Bhuma Purusha. Yudhishthira performed three Ashwamedha Yagnas by their inspiration.
Sri Krishna leaves for his eternal abode
Finally, the rishis on being humiliated by the Yadava princes, cursed the entire Yadu dynasty to perish. Shri Krishna imparted the deep precepts to knowledge to Maitreya rishi and Uddhava. The Yadavas visited Prabhas. Drowned in intoxication, they fought amongst themselves and died killing their own kinsmen. Lord Balarama discarded his mortal coils by his yogic powers. A hunter named Jara mistakenly pierced the lotus feet of Sri Krishna. Through this medium, Sri Krishna left for his eternal abode. Except Shri Krishna’s personal chamber, the whole of Dvarika submerged into the ocean. Shri Krishna’s life is full of events. It is difficult to make a mere mention of the events. Every event is important in its own way and all carry a spiritual significance. Shri Krishna’s life expresses the completeness of human life. Hence it is known as Lilavatar and is full of enjoyable pastimes. The divine rendering of the Gita and the life story of Shri Krishna, show the path of permanent liberation for human beings.
Bhakti Sampradaya on Shri Krishna
The Bhakti Sampradaya considers Dvarika Krishna and Vrindavan Krishna to be two different individuals. Dvarika Krishna is the kingly lord who is the partial incarnation of Bhagavan Vishnu. While Vrindavan Krishna is the sweet Lord who displays his transcendental pastimes in the Land of Vraja. He is the original Shri Krishna. Both Shri Krishna and the partial incarnation of Lord Vishnu manifested simultaneously. In Vraja Leela, the complete incarnation of Shri Krishna and partial incarnation of Bhagavan Vishnu merged and manifested in full bloom. However in the Mathura, Dvarika and Hastinapura pastimes, the complete incarnation of Shri Krishna disappeared. Lord Vishnu’s partial incarnation performed the kingly pastimes.